B.C. entered Confederation in 1871. In the following year, the first Legislative Assembly passed an act to disenfranchise Native Indians and Chinese. Cities and municipalities in B.C. followed suit to disenfranchise the Chinese from elections. From the 1870s onward, discrimination against the Chinese became a hallmark of the White citizens of B.C. The 1881 Census of Canada listed 4,383 Chinese in Canada of which 4,350 resided in B.C., 22 in Ontario, 7 in Quebec, and 4 in Manitoba. Before the 1900s, virtually all Chinese in Canada were concentrated in B.C. Hence, the province had the strongest anti-Chinese movement.